The Beginning – Just opposite this ancient brewery, in the flat farmland of Hainaut, there is a small castle, coloured snowy-white. It's where Dubuisson's story began, where Joseph Leroy first started brewing for the Count of Ghissegnies. When, in 1769, the Empress Maria Theresia withdrew tax exemptions that had been previously granted, the Count’s brewing adventure came to an end.
Not Joseph Leroy's, however. This ancestor (through the female line) to current owner, Hugues Dubuisson, simply crossed the road and started up his own farm brewery. Eight generations on, and its brewing craft is still alive, and still being passed from father to son.
It's a traditional craft that's been open to influence, though. In 1933 Hugues’ grandfather, Alfred Dubuisson, created a Belgian amber beer that pulled from the English traditions of pale-ale, scotch and stout. The resulting beer proved a hit, with much success inside and outside Belgium – under different names.
Bush was the name given to the beer, which is actually the English word for 'dubuisson', and it's long been the brewery's prime brew. But the Bush range of beers were renamed Scaldis in the USA, to avoid confusion with another large competitor.
Alfred Dubuisson thought up the following wry slogan to promote his new brews: “The life expectation of a water drinker is 57 years and for a Bush drinker it is 97 years. Up to you!” Following his own motto, Alfred passed away in 1993, at the grand old age of 97.
Dubuisson once brewed mainly table-beers and saison, but their focus switched increasingly to the Bush speciality beers, especially on recent decades. And so its historic brands, such as Provision, Saison, Triple Blonde de Ghyssegnies, Cock-Ale, Vieille Bière and Surfine, have all sadly fallen by the wayside.
Some classics may be gone, but Dubuisson never jumped on the bandwagon for trends like white beers, fruit beers or abbey beers. And large volumes of pils-style beers weren't of any particular interest, either.
What was of interest was pushing the boundaries of the Bush range. In 1991 the Bush family welcomed a new member: the Bush de Noël (12.0% ABV) Christmas beer. A Bush ‘light’ followed in 1994 (the Bush 7, at 7.0% ABV) but it was discontinued, as it didn't prove particularly popular. However, Bush Triple (10.5% ABV), a blonde introduced in 1997, was right on target. The year 2000 saw a drastic increase of activity at the brewery.
The Cuvée des Trolls (7.0% ABV), aimed at a younger public, was launched in this year. Another winner was the Bush Prestige (13.0% ABV), launched in 2003, which is Bush matured in new oak barrels (usually made for Burgundy wine). Along with its flurry of new beers, Dubuisson made changes to its brewing facilities at this time.
It opened its Brasse-Temps microbrewery in Louvain-la-Neuve, followed, three years on, by a launch in Mons (Bergen). Also, the old brewing hall in Pipaix was completely refurbished, to allow the brewer to respond to growing demand, both within Belgium and abroad. And to top it all off, the brewery established its own hops in an adjacent field.
Dubuisson, the oldest brewery in Wallonia, is now brewing around 45,000 hl per year. 35 per cent of its output goes abroad: mainly to France, Switzerland, Italy, the USA and Hungary. The Dubuisson story shows no sign of slowing down either as their new brewing hall has increased its capacity to 100,000 hl a year.
The Bush beers rank among the heaviest (in alcohol terms) in Belgium, at around 12% ABV. The brewer speaks of them as ‘degustation beers with character.’ Reaching those highs requires the taking of some special measures in the brewing.
A quarter of the wort is allowed to evaporate, so as to increase its density, while sugar is added at the end of the boiling process. The beer will re-ferment in large bottles, so it can develop more intense aromas and a rounder taste. Such heavy beers are very much 'keepers', and can be stored without any problems for two or three years, or even longer.
But what exactly is the Dubuisson ‘signature’? What gives these beers their character? In the first instance, it has to be the house yeast, which is propagated using the original strain. This is a very particular variety of yeast. It is still active at an alcohol content of 12 degrees, which is quite unusual for a beer yeast.
In addition, the yeast provides plenty of fruity aromas, as well as the impressions of nuts and caramel. Much of the rest of the character comes from the malt. The Bush beers use three varieties of malt, including a caramel malt which contributes to the colour. Beyond that, each of the Bush varieties has its own story.
The first chapter, of course, began with the Bush Ambrée (12.0% ABV), which was introduced in 1933. Bush Prestige (2003) is none other than Bush Ambrée matured in oak barrels.
This is how the wood tannins seep into the beer, providing aromas familiar from oak-matured sherry, whisky or brandy.
The Bush de Nuits (13.0% ABV) of 2007 is another special, and is in fact Bush de Noël (launched in 1991) ripened in used-burgundy barrels. Legend has it that the brewer purchased a barrel filled with Nuits-Saint-Georges (the Bourgogne red), sought the assistance of his friends to drain it, and then filled it up with Christmas beer.
The Bush de Nuits is a complex beer, not dissimilar to wine, but complementing it with touches of red fruits. Since 2008, Bush has also been available as a tripel.
The brewery's owner, Hugues Dubuisson, is a man who knows his stuff. As well as years of experience, and many generations of passed-down brewing wisdom, he has a brewing degree under his belt. Every single recipe is personally developed by him, paying all due respect owed (naturally enough) to the Bush ‘institution’, as one of the oldest beer brands in Belgium.
It was his passion for nature, and for flora in particular, that, he says, led him to study agricultural engineering, with a particular focus on brewing technology. Beer has always held a fascination for Hugues.
He wanted to get to the bottom of each enjoyable glass, and find out how natural ingredients played a role in creating it. Hugues had his first practical experience of brewing at De Koninck in Antwerp, where he was employed as a production assistant.
However, Hugues is an engineer through-and-through. When he took up his job at the family brewery, he immediately started investing in the lab. He feels that if you want to achieve consistent quality, you need to have state-of-the-art facilities for analysing your product. That's how you can single out the one particular ingredient that's not quite up to scratch, for example. Quality is paramount at Dubuisson.
When Hugues joined the brewery, he found that the hops were unpleasantly bitter, which prompted him to instigate rigourous quality control.
At the end of the day, though, he reckons that brewing is really the art of managing balance. And more than anything, he is proud of his traditional family brewery.
As a member of the Association of Belgian Family Brewers, Hugues is a stout defender of the quality reputation of Belgian beer – brewed locally, by family businesses, across the generations.
- Bush Ambrée
- Bush Ambrée Triple
- Bush Blonde
- Bush Blonde Triple
- Bush de Charmes
- Bush de Noël
- Bush de Noël Premium
- Bush de Nuits
- Bush Prestige
- Cuvée des Trolls
- Cuvée des Trolls Triple
- Pêche Mel’ Bush
To commemorate their 250-year anniversary Brasserie Dubuisson has opened a visitors' centre in the historic Château de Ghyssegnies where Joseph Leroy founded the brewery in 1769. The castle, set in parkland opposite the brewery, was converted into an interactive museum and named the 'Dubuisson Beerstorium'. Here you will discover the history of beer, of the brewery, the milestones and the brewing process by exploring historic objects and the latest technology. A new experience is the Cuvée des Trolls escape game. The Trolls & Bush tavern is housed in the former riding stables and the spacious terrace affords views across the water. The Bistronomie restaurant menu is also new. On weekdays this offers three courses accompanied by the appropriate Dubuisson beers.
This is a brewery very much geared to its visitors, welcoming individuals and groups alike. Much of the tour focuses on the brand new brewing hall, but a real highlight is the visit to the cellar. This is where you'll see the Bush de Nuits maturing in its wooden burgundy barrels.
Dubuisson doesn't only brew in the village of Pipaix, however. Somewhat surprisingly, you'll find the Imagix cinema complex in Bergen plays host Dubuisson's Le Brasse-Temps microbrewery. On this most unusual of spots, five different beers are brewed – all of which are 100% natural and artisanally-crafted. The beers produced here, freshly poured, can only be enjoyed at this single location.
Just outside the walls of the main brewery you'll find there are plenty of other experiences to be had. First and foremost, there's the alluring scent of the field of hops, that the brewery started cultivating recently.
But step a little further, and the pleasures become architectural. In Leuze, there's the collegiate Church of St. Peter, which was constructed in the style of Louis XV, the penultimate monarch of the House of Bourbon. It is well-admired for its striking oak-panelling, its 15th-century eagle-bedecked lectern, as well as its organ and treasury.
History is also gathered in the local museums. The ‘Museum van de 18 dagen’ (or Museum of Eighteen Days) is a war museum covering the start of WWII in Belgium.
The Gallo-Roman museum in Blicquy, by contrast, jumps back a couple of millenia to classical times, depicting daily Roman life. Here you'll find clay ovens, funeral pyres, a statue of the war god Mars, pottery and jewellery. Mahymobiles, in Leuze, is a pilgrimage destination for lovers of a different sort of 'classics' – old-time automobiles. Here, around one hundred vehicles are on show, all restored to their original condition.
Some 14km from the brewery you'll find the flat farmland gives way to one of the oldest cities in Belgium. Doornik’s (or Tournai’s) impressive cathedral, with its four splendid square towers, is a Unesco World Heritage Site. This cathedral was constructed in the Middle Ages (13th and 14th-century). Step inside and you'll be gifted with the work of artists such as Jordaens, Rubens and Metsys. There's a particularly brilliant rose-shaped leaded glass window, showing the city as it then was, which simply has to be seen.
Doornik also proudly claims the to have the oldest Belfort Tower in Belgium, which is also a Unesco World Heritage Site. If you climb to the top of this tower, you'll be greeted with spectacular views over the city.
Another eye-catching monument is the unique Pont des Trous, of ‘Bridge of Holes’ – the final witness of the city's medieval city walls. The water gate across the river Scheldt is part of the former outer city wall, and has protected Doornik from attacks many-a-time.
The city also plays host to seven museums, including the Museum of Visual Arts, designed by Art Nouveau architect, Victor Horta. Here, you can admire the 'oeuvre' of important Belgian painters such as Rogier van der Weyden, Breughel, Rubens and Jordaens.
The other museums are a surprisingly varied lot, housing collections of tapestries, puppets, folklore and much more. Doornik is a great city to explore on foot, with all the main attractions within walking distance. Visit the local tourist office to find out about the walks around town, which vary considerably in the distances covered.
The wider area offers plenty of opportunities for sightseeing. Scattered across the Henegouwen region you will find Beloeil Castle, with its gardens, Attre Castle, and the ruins of Aulne on the banks of the Sambre in Gozée. There's also the small town of Binche, known for its carnival that now forms part of Unesco World Heritage award, and the hospital museum of Notre-Dame de la Rose in Lessines.
Here you can discover how medicine was practised in medieval times, in the authentic surroundings of a convent-hospital which dates back to the Middle Ages.
The city of Bergen (Mons) is also well worth a detour to see. Its Belfort, towering over its park and the city, is yet another Unesco World Heritage Site. Other buildings that will catch your eye include the eclectic Town Hall at the Grote Markt, the Church of Sint-Walburgis and the BAM contemporary art museum.
Not far from the city there are two impressive former mining sites, which well worth a visit. Enjoy contemporary art and thematic expositions at Le Grand Hornu, now host to the MAC (Musée des Arts Contemporains), with surroundings that exude industrial archaeology from every pore. At Frameries, an interactive science museum has found its home in a discontinued mine.
Getting There & Around
You will find Pipaix at just an hour’s drive from Brussels (80 km), using the E411 from Charleroi, or the E429 from the direction of Rijsel (Lille) and Doornik (Tournai). The brewery is located 14km away from Doornik, and some 37km from Bergen (Mons). If you're coming by public transport, from Doornik, take bus 95 to reach your destination.
Gastronomy, Food & More Beer
Beer chef Hilaire Spreuwers feels that it is predominantly the yeast that determines the taste of the Dubuisson beers, producing a particular taste that's clearly recognisable. So it's no surprise that these beers, with their pronounced character and high alcohol content, are true and proper degustation beers.
They're made to enjoy as an aperitif, complement as a digestive, or relish at other times of the day– especially when paired with a wedge of carefully chosen cheese. Which cheese, though? Well someone familiar with the ways of a cheese affineur, like Hilaire Spreuweers, knows what to do.
He will first update his tasting notes for every cheese, and seek out the best possible pairing. He will take the drink as a starting point before drawing the net around possible candidates. He will browse his taste memory: rose petals, bitter roast coffee, rosemary…. tasting, and naming the different aromas, refining his choice to a select few cheeses.
These will then be tasted as a pairing with the brew, usually together with a colleague. It's definitely a matter of trial and error, especially at first; this is a profession you have to grow into. It's reckoned that it takes one year before you are able to make a selection, and some three years before you can take an independent decision as to the optimum maturation of the cheese.
If you can't decide, and want to present a cheese board, matters are even more complicated. The cheese affineur recommends having a piece of bread between tastings to cleanse the mouth. Ordinary bread is best for this; so don’t use bread containing nuts or olives, for example. Hard work, but worth the effort - enjoy!
And finally (and fittingly) it's worth noting that the Dubuisson brewery has its own cheese, produced by the Dupont brewery-dairy, which is found in the same region.
Tourism information for Leuze:
Tourist information for Doornik (Tournai):
Tourist information for Henegouwen (Hainaut):
Rue des Clercs 31
Tel.: +32 (0) 65 36 04 64
Recent Blog Posts
MARCHE-EN-FAMENNE - “Their cuisine is on a par with that of the French and the portions are generous...” When people discuss the Belgian art of living, it won’t be long before the term ‘Burgundian’ ... [ read more ]
BRUSSELS - For the fifth running of the Brussels Beer Challenge the organisers selected a location steeped in history and prestige. After touring from Brussels to Liège, Leuven and Antwerp, ... [ read more ]
OSTEND - For the last weekend of August, Ostend moves its location to the shores of the ‘beer sea’ as Belgian breweries, local restaurants and food trucks pull out all the stops for the annual North S ... [ read more ]
PIPAIX/MECHELEN - We all know that beer and cheese are made for one another, and to illustrate this Brasserie Dubuisson gathered a panel of beer and cheese experts to discover the best pairings. ... [ read more ]
BRUSSELS - The first weekend in September is highlighted in the diaries of many beer lovers, who head to the Grand Place in Brussels to find that great public space converted into one giant bar. ... [ read more ]
OSTEND - A cosy, relaxed atmosphere and happy expressions on the faces of beer lovers from all around the world greet me. This is, above all else, what strikes me when I visit the first ever North Sea ... [ read more ]
PIPAIX - Embark on the new visitor experience at Dubuisson. You can put your own group together for a tour of the Dubuisson brewery. Group visits require a minimum of 15 participants and are available ... [ read more ]
TOURNAI/DOORNIK - Only a long stone’s throw away from Brasserie Dubuisson lies one of the oldest cities in Belgium. When I hear the name of Tournai (Doornik), colourful images from the history books ... [ read more ]
MONS - As joint European Capital of Culture for 2015, Mons is showing its best face to the world this year. This is the place where Vincent Van Gogh swapped the life of a preacher for that of a painte ... [ read more ]
ELLEZELLES - As many as 34 years ago Jean-Baptiste Thomaes, at the ripe young age of 22, set up the prestigious establishment of Le Château du Mylord in Ellezelles, a village close to Ronse and Oudena ... [ read more ]
FLEURUS/CHARLEROI - Beer can finally claim its rightful place - on your plate as well as next to it. Only two days after celebrity chef Sergio Herman and his team from Michelin-starred restaurant The ... [ read more ]
PIPAIX/BELGIUM - Brasserie Dubuisson, founded in 1769, is adding to its range of gastronomic beers with the introduction of Bush de Charmes (10.5% ABV). It is a Bush Blonde that has been matured ... [ read more ]
MONS / LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE - In September 2000, Brasserie Dubuisson unveiled its Le Brasse-Temps café-brewery in the university city of Louvain-la-Neuve. Three years on, a second brewpub bearing the ... [ read more ]
What could be better than a café that brews its own beer? Somewhere where you can see the brewer feeding the kettle right in front of you. Where you can witness the miracle, clouded by steam, ... [ read more ]
PIPAIX - When a brewery with a history stretching back over two hundred years (1769) starts digging around in its rich past, hidden treasures sometimes come to light. And this is exactly what happened ... [ read more ]
PIPAIX - Back in 1769. Yes, it was as long ago as this that the oldest brewery in Southern Belgium fired up the brewing kettles for the first time. Nowadays Dubuisson is owned by Hugues Dubuisson, ... [ read more ]
You must be logged in to leave a comment
BRUSSELS/MONS - We’ve made our way down to the historic city of Mons (Bergen) for the eighth edition of the international Brussels Beer Challenge. A 90-strong jury is busy tasting; there are four morning sessions in a ro... [ more ]
BRUGES - This city draws you back in time to the heydays of the Burgundian era. After years of renovation works the Gruuthusemuseum has re-opened its doors. This former city palace is the showca... [ more ]
ANTWERP - Brewers from 59 different countries flocked to attend the Brewers of Europe Forum 2019 in the prestigious Queen Elizabeth Hall, right next to the renowned Antwerp Central Station building. ... [ more ]
ERTVELDE - To track down a brewer within his own domain is a high-ranking form of sports, or that’s the impression I get. After a bit of practice I spot Jef Versele, CEO of the Van Steenberge brewery, well hidden amongst... [ more ]
MECHELEN - The historic city of Mechelen, halfway between Brussels and Antwerp, is truly a hidden gem. The presence of the Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled here in the late middle ages, still permeates the ancient city centr... [ more ]
Beer Tourism Newsletter Signup
Enter your name and email address on the right and click "SignUp" to join.